Rule violations in a county jail: associations with specific substance use disorders and other mental health disorders

WCU Author/Contributor (non-WCU co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Danielle Moody (Creator)
Western Carolina University (WCU )
Web Site:
Alvin Malesky

Abstract: Jails process and house the largest number of incarcerated individuals in the United States, yet remain the least studied and understood cog within the criminal justice system. Safety and security within a confinement facility are essential for those residing, working, and visiting these facilities; however, the study of factors that contribute to the likelihood of inmate misconduct have been gleaned from prison populations that don’t account for factors that are unique to, or seen in higher proportions, in jail environments. One element that has been identified as being a significant risk factor for rule violations in both jails and prisons has been substance use disorder (SUD) and mental illness. Arguably, mental health disorders, which include SUDs, encompass nearly 300 classifiable disorders according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-5 (DSM-5), and it is unlikely that all exhibit the same level of risk of offending while incarcerated. The change in classification and diagnosis of substance use disorders from the DSM-IV-TR to the DSM-5 also allows researchers to consider the specific substance and severity of the disorder beyond an abuse/dependence classification. Therefore, using an empirically supported assessment instrument, the Comprehensive Addiction and Psychological Evaluation-5 (CAAPE-5), this study seeks to explore specifically which SUDs and other common mental health conditions contribute to this relationship between having a diagnosis and risk for rule violations while incarcerated.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 2023
Jail, Mental Health Disorders, Misconduct, Risk Assessment, Rule Violations, Substance Use Disorders
Drug abuse and crime
Mentally ill offenders
Substance abuse
Risk assessment

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