Associations Between Perceived Burdensomeness and the MMPI-2-RF

WCU Author/Contributor (non-WCU co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
AG Gillmor (Creator)
Western Carolina University (WCU )
Web Site:
David McCord

Abstract: Introduction: Suicide is a substantial, universal concern, and within the United States it is among the leading causes of death (National Institute of Mental Health, 2019). Specifically, “suicide was the tenth leading cause of death overall in the United States, taking lives of over 47,000 people” (National Institute of Mental Health, 2019). As such, suicide is an important public health concern that needs to be addressed within our society. The Interpersonal Theory of Suicide, one of the more prominent theories in the field, states that “the most dangerous form of suicidal desire is caused by the simultaneous presence of two interpersonal constructs – thwarted belongingness and perceived burdensomeness” (Van Orden et al., 2010). Perceived burdensomeness represents the belief that “my death is worth more than my life” and that “one is a burden to others in society” (Van Orden et al., 2012). Although perceived burdensomeness has evidence of construct validity, it has not been compared to broadband measures of psychopathology, such as the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI-2-RF; Ben-Porath & Tellegen, 2008/2011). Therefore, the purpose of the current study is to examine the convergent and discriminant validity perceived burdensomeness when compared to scales on the MMPI-2-RF. Method: Data are being collected in the context of a larger study from the university research subject pool at a mid-sized state comprehensive university in the rural South. Data collection is administered in a lab on campus, where participants complete all measures via Qualtrics. Specific measures of interest for this study are the INQ (perceived burdensome scales) and MMPI-2-RF. Data collection began September 13, 2019 and data were pulled for preliminary analysis on September 30, 2019. We anticipate having collected data on 250 subjects by early spring semester, 2020. Anticipated Results and Discussion: Preliminary data were obtained from 85 participants, 77 of whom provided valid protocols based on criteria set forth in the MMPI-2-RF manual (Ben-Porath & Tellegen 2008/2011). Zero-order correlations were calculated via Pearson’s r between the Perceived Burdensomeness scale (scored from the INQ) and select scales from the MMPI-2-RF. Upon completion of data collection, further analyses will examine the construct validity of Perceived Burdensomeness via comparison to all substantive scales of the MMPI-2-RF.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 2020
suicide, Interpersonal Theory of Suicide, thwarted belongingness, perceived burdensomeness, Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory

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