Racial microaggressions, racial identity, and working alliance in cross-racial counseling supervision relationships between Black supervisors and White supervisees

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Rachelle Redmond Barnes (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site: http://library.uncg.edu/
L. DiAnne Borders

Abstract: Racial microaggressions, a term that evolved from Pierce's (1970, 1978) research in the field of media studies, are subtle, yet offensive behaviors steeped in stereotypes of people of color (POC). These brief acts may not be intentional in nature, but have been found to be pervasive in the everyday lives of POC (Sue, Capodilupo et al., 2007). Racial microaggressions also have been found to arise in cross-racial counseling relationships (Constantine, 2007), cross-racial counseling supervision relationships (Constantine & Sue, 2007), and amongst faculty in counseling and counseling psychology programs (Constantine, Smith, Reddington, & Owens, 2008). Few empirical studies have given attention to the experiences of Black supervisors in cross-racial counseling supervision relationships with White supervisees. As the number of Black students entering doctoral counseling programs has increased, it has become increasingly important to further examine the experiences of Black counselor educators and supervisors in order to provide suggestions for handling issues that may arise in cross-racial counseling supervision relationships. The purpose of this study was to determine the impact perceptions of racial microaggressions and racial identity attitudes have on the supervisory working alliance. Thirty-four doctoral students and recent doctoral graduates of CACREP-accredited counseling programs participated in this study. Results indicated that Black supervisors who perceived, and were more bothered by, racial microaggressions in the supervisory relationship reported lower perceptions of the working alliance with White supervisees. Implications of the findings are presented and suggestions for future research are provided.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 2011
Cross-cultural supervision, Racial identity, Racial microaggressions, Working alliance
Cross-cultural counseling
Prejudices $z United States
Intercultural communication $z United States
Supervision $x Research

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