On the relationship between phyllotaxy and vasculature

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Bruce K. Kirchoff, Emeritus Professor (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site: http://library.uncg.edu/

Abstract: There is a definite relationship between the phyllotactic fraction and the sympodia uniting median leaf traces in a stem. The denominator of the phyllotactic fraction is the number of sympodia in the -stem, and the numerator is the -number of sympodia counted in passing from the sympodium of one leaf to that of an adjacent leaf on the genetic helix. This relationship holds for species with closed as well as open vascular systems. Of the 100 shoots (93 species) whose vasculature has been reviewed from the literature only one shows no apparent relationship between the phyllotactic fraction and the vasculature. Shoots for 87 species show the relationship described above while shoots of five species have both irregular phyllotaxis and vasculature. The mathematical constraints on this relationship are shown to depend on the divergence angle and the fact that sympodia do not cross one another. That there are biological controls on this relationship in addition to the purely mathematical ones is shown by the fact that sympodial connections are almost universally made along orthostichies. These controls most likely operate on factors that influence the formation of orthostichies such as the relationship between leaf-shape and use of the apical dome.

Additional Information

Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 89: 37-51
Language: English
Date: 1984
Leaf trace, Orthostichy, Parastichy, Phyllotaxy vasculature

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