Predicting cognitive performance from physical activity and fitness in adolescents and young adults in Botswana relative to HIV status

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Jennifer L. Etnier, Professor (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
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Abstract: Little is known about whether physical activity and fitness could enhance cognition in adolescents and young adults living with HIV. The purpose of this study was to examine this relationship in a group of 250 HIV+ (n?=?88) and HIV negative (n?=?162) participants from Botswana, aged 12–23 years (Mean?=?17.87, SD?=?2.24). Fitness was operationalized as muscular strength (push-ups) and aerobic endurance (PACER). PA was assessed using items from the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance Survey. Cognition was measured using the Corsi Test, Berg Card Sorting Task (BCST), and Stroop Color Word Task (Stroop). Multiple regression analyses indicated that the HIV x push-ups interaction was a significant predictor of Corsi performance, and HIV status was a significant predictor of BCST performance (p?

Additional Information

Scientific Reports, 9 (1), 19583
Language: English
Date: 2019
HIV, adolescents , physical activity, muscular strength, cognition

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