Group process variables in group supervision

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Pamela Odham Werstlein (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:
L. DiAnne Borders

Abstract: The purpose of this study was to systematically investigate process components during actual group supervision with the purpose of targeting process variables that could serve as a basis for further research regarding critical components of group supervision. The following group process variables were the focus of this study: therapeutic factors, group climate, and verbal interactional (content and work dimensions) observations. Data related to these variable were gathered and then were studied in relation to the participants' perceptions of session effectiveness and rate of learning. A naturalistic study format was selected in order to provide comprehensive descriptive data. Sixteen supervisees (masters or doctoral students) enrolled in a one-semester internship and four supervisors (advanced doctoral students) participated in the study. Each group met for five one and one half hour sessions. Data were collected at each session. Overall findings suggest that group supervision was positive and contributed to the learning process. All four groups progressed to Stage 2 (differentiation), indicating that affiliation was established and some self-definition began to develop in the supervisees. Cognitive therapeutic factors were most frequently identified as the critical incidents for learning. Supervisors and supervisees often did not agree on what events were important in the sessions. Supervisees focused on self while the supervisors focused on group development. Examination of verbal responses indicated that members primarily gave advice and suggestions for cases. Supervisees spoken more often than the supervisor. Ratings for session effectiveness were moderate to high for all participants, but did not relate to any of the other variables in a consistent manner. Neither supervisors nor supervisees could agree on a session that was the "best" or the "worst."

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 1994
Counselors $x Supervision of
Counselors $x Training of

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