Children's perceived quality of significant relationships and socioemotional adjustment

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Andrea Maria Dorsch (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:
Susan P. Keane

Abstract: The present study extends research on interpersonal relations to preadolescence by introducing the Children's Inventory of Significant Relationships (CISR), a self-report measure of children's perceived quality of relations with their primary caregiver, a significant adult, and a significant child. Estimates of internal consistency, split-half reliability, and test-retest reliability were adequate. Factor analyses revealed three factors for each relationship scale: affect, support, and security. Children most frequently identified their mother as the primary caregiver, their father or grandmother as the significant adult, and a friend or a sibling as the significant child. Children who identified a sibling as the significant child reported lower perceived quality of the relationship than did children who identified a friend or a cousin. Some racial differences in the selection of significant others were noted. Children reported relatively consistent levels of perceived quality across the three relationships, which were positively associated with self-esteem and negatively associated with depression, loneliness, and social anxiety. Relations with primary caregiver and significant adult were also positively related to social preference by peers.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 1995
Children $x Attitudes.
Children $x Family relationships
Adjustment (Psychology) in children

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