Chinese-Western hybrid music: an introduction and exploration through the lens of Tibet Tone Poem by Sicong Ma and The Stream Flows by Bright Sheng.

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Wenyin Deng (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:
Marjorie Bagley

Abstract: This document analyzed and compared two Chinese-Western hybrid violin works through musical and theoretical analysis, as well as to present the historical background of the two Chinese composers and the influence of this on their composition. Both composers (Sicong Ma and Bright Sheng) were born in China and received their compositional training in the West. My presentation and analysis of the Chinese and Western musical influences will give basic insight into these particular Chinese-Western hybrid violin works. Sicong Ma (1912-1987) was a prominent musician in China. He was a violinist and composer and considered “the King of Violinists” in China. Ma studied violin and piano in Paris from 1923 to 1928, but most of his compositions were completed after he returned to China in 1929 and was fully immersed in the culture of Chinese traditional music. The knowledge and experience he brought with him upon his return to China from France left an impact on all his endeavors, both as a composer and a teacher. Ma fled to America in 1968 after the Cultural Revolution. Tibet Tone Poem was composed in 1941, and is one of his most renowned pieces. Bright Sheng (1955-) is one of the foremost Chinese-American composers of the 20th century. He studied composition and learned Chinese classical and traditional music at the Shanghai Conservatory of Music from 1978-1982. When he moved to the United States in 1982, he absorbed different elements and materials from the Western style of music, and his subsequent compositions have been deeply impacted by both Chinese and Western influences. The Stream Flows, composed in 1990, is a piece for solo violin which is based on a Chinese folk song from Southern China. This document will examine many aspects of the Western and Chinese musical education and experience of each composer, illustrating how they are integral to these works. Also, it will present an analysis of the harmonic structures and melodic materials, as well as the rhythms used in each composition, in order to show the influences from both schools.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 2019
Bright Shen, Chinese-Western Hybrid Music, Sicong Ma, The Stream Flows, Tibet Tone Poem
Sheng, Bright, $d 1955- $t Stream flows, $m violin
Ma, Sicong. $t Tone poem of Tibet
Violin music $x Analysis, appreciation
Cultural fusion and the arts

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