Psychometric properties of the hand of polyester/cotton blend fabrics

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Mary Ellen Wiczynski (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:
Manfred Wentz

Abstract: Ihe psychometric properties of rating scale, rank order and paired comparison methods of fabric hand evaluation were determined. Ihe Kawabata Evaluation System (KES) was used to measure fabric properties that have been vised to objectively characterize fabric hand. Ihe relationship between subjective and objective measurements was discussed. Responses to a terminology survey guided the specification of hand attributes that influence the selection of polyester/cotton bottom weight fabrics. Eleven expert judges evaluated the flexibility, surface roughness, weight, thickness and end use suitability of 27 polyester/cotton bottom-weight fabrics randomly assigned to three groups. Fabrics judged most suitable for vise in men's summer dress slacks were most pliable, most smooth, thinnest and lightest in weight. Analyses of multitrait-multimethod correlation matrices showed that there was no difference between the methods in terms of validity or reliability. The subjective measurements of flexibility, weight and end use suitability were valid. For the evaluation of flexibility, surface roughness, weight and thickness, the rank order evaluation method required the fewest number of judges to achieve a reliability of .90. The level of correlations differed between the three fabric groups

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 1988
Textile fibers, Synthetic $x Testing.
Cotton textiles $x Testing
Textile fabrics $x Testing

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