Parental antecedents of instrumentality, expressiveness, and gender role preferences

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Joyce A. Arditti (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:
Deborah Godwin

Abstract: This study explores the relationships between parenting behavior of mothers and fathers and self-report measures of college students' instrumentality, expressiveness, and gender role preferences. A nonrecursive model is proposed based on the assumption that gender role phenomena are interrelated. Data were collected from a sample of 215 college students. Analysis was done with two stage least squares and simultaneous equations which is an extension of linear multiple regression. Results indicated that higher levels of maternal control were associated with lower levels of students' expressiveness and more traditional gender role preferences. Furthermore, a bidirectional path between students' instrumentality and expressiveness and a path from instrumentality to gender role preferences were revealed. Positive levels of instrumentality were associated with greater levels of expressiveness and vice versa while greater instrumentality was associated with more modern gender role preferences. Results also suggest that earlier studies utilizing univariate techniques seem overly simplistic and inflate the importance of general parental socialization practices in the face-of the information gained by utilizing simultaneous equations.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 1988
Parent and child $v Cross-cultural studies
College students $x Attitudes
Sex role

Email this document to