Negative self-perceptions in preadolescence: the role of parental hostility and peer victimization

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Jessica A. Lorenzo (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:
Susan P. Keane

Abstract: The current study examined the influence of interpersonal relationships on self-perceptions, defined as one’s interpretation of their own personal abilities. Interpersonal relationships with parents and peers, children’s competence, and sex play an important role in the development of self-perceptions,. However, no studies have examined these key factors simultaneously. The current study utilized a path analysis to address these gaps by examining the influence of children’s competence and negative interpersonal interactions (parental hosility and peer victimization) on self-perceptions of academic competence and social acceptance. Academic competence was assessed using scores from the WIAT-II at age 7. Social acceptance and peer victimizaiton at age 7 were measured using peer-report of social preference from the sociometric peer nomination procedure. Observational ratings from parent-child interaction tasks were used to capture parental hostility at age 7. Social and academic self-perceptions were measured using self-report from the BASC-2. In the full sample (N = 382), there was a significant direct effect of academic competence on academic self-perceptions. There was also a significant direct effect of peer victimization on social self-perceptions. A multiple group path analysis was conducted to assess for sex differences. The model produced poor fit among males and good fit among females. For females, there was a significant direct effect of social acceptance on social self-perceptions in the female-only path diagram. There was also a significant direct effect of peer victimization on academic self-perceptions among females. Implications for future research examining the role of competence, interpersonal relationships, and sex on self-perceptions are discussed.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 2018
Academic competence, Parental hostility, Peer victimization, Self-perception, Social acceptance
Self-perception in children
Social acceptance in children
Performance in children
Interpersonal relations
Parent and child

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