Influence of Intensive Pine Management on Dipteran Community Structure in Coastal North Carolina

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Matina C. Kalcounis-Rüppell, Professor (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
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Abstract: Intensive pine (Pinus spp.) management is a primary land use in the southeastern United States. In eastern North Carolina, intensively managed pine stands often occur on land previously ditched and drained. Because modification of natural vegetation and water sources are known to affect dipteran community structure, we studied effects of intensive pine management on abundance and diversity of dipteran families in the northern coastal plain of North Carolina during 2006 and 2007. We used malaise traps and emergence traps to sample different types of forest stands (n = 143 sample nights) and water sources (n = 147 sample nights) in a managed pine forest and a natural forested wetland. Cecidomyiids were more abundant in stands with canopy cover, chironomids were more abundant at edges between forested stands and open canopy stands, and chloropids were more abundant in open canopy stands. Families Ceratopogonidae, Dolichopodidae, Ephydridae, Muscidae, Psychodidae, and Tipulidae were more abundant in the natural forested wetland than in all types of modified water sources. Dipteran diversity and evenness were highest in stands with open canopy and at forest edges, and highest in the natural forested wetland. Unmanaged, natural stands on the intensively managed landscape did not support a higher abundance or diversity of dipteran families than intensively managed stands. Restoration of natural wetlands may increase dipteran diversity in unmanaged stands. Heliponds, a modified water source, supported a comparable dipteran abundance to that of the natural forested wetland. Increased numbers of heliponds may facilitate higher dipteran abundance in managed pine landscapes.

Additional Information

Environmental Entomology, Volume 38, Issue 3, 1 June 2009, Pages 657–666
Language: English
Date: 2009
Diptera, forest management, intensive forestry, pine plantation, water sources

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