Risk and protective factors associated with depressive symptomatology in youth with AD/HD

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Taylor F. Smith (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site: http://library.uncg.edu/
Arthur Anastopoulos

Abstract: Youth diagnosed with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (AD/HD) are at approximately five-times greater risk for developing depression (Angold, Costello, & Erkanli, 1999). In an effort to explain this relationship, both risk and protective factors from the Failure Model (Patterson & Capaldi, 1990) were examined in an AD/HD sample. A total of 30 youth with rigorously defined AD/HD and their maternal caregivers participated in this cross-sectional study. Consistent with study hypotheses familial risk (i.e., maternal depression, youth aggression, and negative parenting practices) was associated with increased depressive symptomatology, whereas youth perceived competence was associated with decreased depressive symptomatology in AD/HD youth. These findings suggest that the Failure Model (Patterson & Capaldi, 1990) has utility in explaining the relationship between AD/HD and depression.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 2009
ADHD, Comorbidity, Depression, Protection, Risk
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder $x Psychological aspects.
Depression in children $x Risk factors.
Attention-deficit-disordered children $x Family relationships.
Depression in adolescence.
Failure (Psychology)

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