The influences of parental racial socialization on the academic achievement of African American children: a cultural-ecological approach.

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Christian Friend (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:
Andrea Hunter

Abstract: Using a cultural-ecological approach, the aim of this study is to explore cultural-specific parenting practices that may help African American children navigate the American educational system and support their academic achievement. Specifically, this study examines: (a) the associations between parental racial socialization and child academic achievement, and (b) the variations in these associations across child gender and family socio-economic status. The participants were 134 African American children and their mothers. The children were fifth grade students in public elementary schools in a mid-sized southeastern city. Data were collected from children and their mothers during home interviews. Academic achievement data were reported by the children's schools. Multiple linear regression analyses were used to examine the associations between parental racial socialization (preparation for bias, pride development) and academic achievement (GPA), and the moderating effects of gender and SES on these associations. Preparation for bias and pride development did not significantly predict academic achievement. However, gender moderated the associations between preparation for bias and academic achievement. The greater frequency of preparation bias messages delivered to boys increased GPAs. However, as the frequency of preparation for bias messages delivered to girls increased, GPA decreased. SES did not significantly moderate the associations between either dimension of racial socialization and academic achievement.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 2009
African American, Culture, Ecology, Education, Racial socialization, Theory
African American students $x Education, Elementary.
Parent and child $x Psychological aspects.
Parent and child $x Social aspects.
African Americans $x Race identity.
Prediction of scholastic success.
Academic achievement.
Level of aspiration.
Student aspirations.

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