Examining linkages among sources of racial-ethnic discrimination and Latino adolescents' psychosocial and academic outcomes: are culturally-relevant factors protective?

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Alyson M. Cavanaugh (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site: http://library.uncg.edu/
Andrew Supple

Abstract: Given adversity associated with racial-ethnic discrimination, Latino adolescents are at increased risk for academic disengagement, and internalizing and externalizing symptoms. However, cultural-ecological theoretical models (García Coll et al., 1996; Spencer, 1995) also described the importance of examining cultural values and culturally-relevant coping strategies that may protect against the negative effects of discrimination and promote youths' developmental competencies. As such, the goals of the present study are threefold: (a) to examine associations among familism values, religious coping, and academic motivation and internalizing and externalizing symptoms, (b) to examine the effects of school-based racial-ethnic discrimination by source (e.g., school adults versus peers) and foreigner-based discrimination on Latino adolescents' academic motivation, and internalizing and externalizing symptoms, and (b) to examine the moderating effects of familism values and religious coping in the association between multiple sources of discrimination and adolescents' academic and psychosocial outcomes. Participants included 133 Latino adolescents (Mage = 12.88; SD = .70; 51% girls); majority of youth are from Mexican-origin families (81%). Using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM), results indicated that religious coping and familism values were associated with higher levels of academic motivation. Peer discrimination was associated with higher internalizing and externalizing symptoms. The protective and exacerbating effects of youths' familism values and religious coping for internalizing and externalizing symptoms varied under conditions of peer, school-adult, and foreigner-based discrimination. Discussion will be focus on implications for creating promotive contexts for Latino youth.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 2015
Adolescents, Coping, Cultural values, Discrimination, Familism, Latino
Hispanic American teenagers $x Social conditions
Hispanic American teenagers $x Family relationships
Hispanic American teenagers $x Religious life
Discrimination in education $z United States
Adjustment (Psychology) in adolescence

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