Individual differences in self-discrepancies and emotional experience: Do distinct discrepancies predict distinct emotions?

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Ann Phillips (Creator)
Paul Silvia, Professor (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
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Abstract: Self-Discrepancy Theory (SDT) proposes that ideal-self discrepancies predict dejection/depression and ought-self discrepancies predict agitation/anxiety, but individual differences research has rarely found clear support for this pattern. After considering methodological and statistical reasons for these mixed findings, the present research tested SDT’s predictions using a multivariate structural equation model with latent predictors and outcomes (n = 245 college students). SDT was broadly but incompletely supported: ought discrepancies uniquely predicted anxious affect, but both ideal and ought discrepancies predicted depressed affect.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 2010
self-discrepancy theory, emotion, self-theories, self-regulation, structural equation modeling, personality, psychology

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