Development and validation of the Crowell-Lowery multicultural training reactance scale (CL-MTRS)

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Robyn Lynette Crowell Lowery (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:
L. DiAnne Borders

Abstract: The absence of empirical research on strategies for addressing multicultural resistance is due, in part, to the lack of available measures of the construct. The purpose of this study was to redefine multicultural resistance by utilizing Brehm's theory of psychological reactance (Brehm, 1966; Brehm & Brehm, 1981) to develop a reliable and valid measure of multicultural training reactance: the Crowell - Lowery Multicultural Training Reactance Scale (CL-MTRS) ©. Exploratory factor analysis was used to determine the underlying factor structure of the CL-MTRS. Preliminary reliability and validity findings along with additional exploratory analyses are presented. Implications of these findings suggest how certain training practices for developing cultural sensitivity would ultimately yield counselors that are more effective in working with diverse clients.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 2011
Counseling, Counselor Education, Diversity Training, Multicultural Training, Reactance, Resistance
Cross-cultural counseling $x Research $z United States
Psychological reactance

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