Homeosis in the flowers of the Zingiberales

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Bruce K. Kirchoff, Emeritus Professor (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site: http://library.uncg.edu/

Abstract: Homeosis has played an important role in the evolution of the flowers of the Zingiberales, especially those of the Ginger Group. In the Zingiberaceae, two members of the outer androecial whorl are replaced by a lip, and two members of the inner androecial whorl are replaced by petaloid staminodes. Most of the androecium of the Costaceae has also been replaced by petaloid structures, and the single fertile stamen is often attached to an enlarged petaloid "filament." The Cannaceae and Marantaceae have one-half of one fertile anther and three to four variously modified staminodes. In contrast, homeosis has played a minor role in floral evolution of the Banana Group. Only in the Heliconiaceae has a stamen been replaced by a staminode. In none of the families of the Zingiberales do the staminodes assume the total "form or character" of any perianth members. Because of this, it is reasonable to extend the definition of homeosis to include replacement by an organ like, but not identical to, some other part of the plant.

Additional Information

American Journal of Botany 78: 833-837
Language: English
Date: 1991
Homeosis, Zingiberales

Email this document to