Monumental Pride: Sino-Vietnamese Cross-border Commemorations of Nùng Trí Cao

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
James A. Anderson, Associate Professor (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
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Abstract: Nowhere else is the 11th-century rebel Nùng Trí Cao (Hong Zhigao 儂智高) (1025? -1055?) more revered than in his own home region within Tai-speaking communities along the modern border between China's Guangxi Autonomous Region and Viet Nam’s Cao Bang Province. The present source of regional pride in Trí Cao may be found in tales of his three ambitious but unsuccessful attempts to establish a Sino-Vietnamese frontier kingdom in 1042, 1048 and 1052. Throughout the imperial period, both Chinese and Vietnamese court historians labeled Nùng Trí Cao a troublemaker. His public image was not rehabilitated until Marxist regimes took power in these countries. Nùng Trí Cao is now remembered officially on both sides of the border as a "hero of the people", although the identity of "the people" remains unclear.

Additional Information

Thai-Yunnan Project Bulletin 1 (July 2001): 1-2 (research note).
Language: English
Date: 2001
Nùng Trí Cao, Rebels, Southeast Asia, Public memory, History, Historical figures, Local observance

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