The Effects of Parental Employment and Parental Leave on Child Health and Development

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Christopher J Ruhm, Jefferson-Pilot Excellence Professor (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
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Abstract: The first years of life are recognized as a critical period for children.1,2 Since, increasingly, young children are raised in families where mothers work, parents may have less time and energy to invest in their offspring. Parental leave is therefore an important accommodation, designed to increase the ability of families to balance the needs of the workplace and home. Considerable research has recently examined the effects of maternal employment during these early years. (Paternal employment has seldom been studied.) Conversely, although the effects of family leave policies on labour market outcomes has received some attention, much less is known about the relationship between leave entitlements and child health.

Additional Information

Encyclopedia on Early Childhood Development, 2002
Language: English
Date: 2002
Parental employment, Parenting, Child wellness, Child development, Parent engagement

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