Accessing physical activity and health disparities among underserved Hispanic children: The role of actual and perceived motor competence

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Alan Chu, Associate Professor (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
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Abstract: Promoting physical activity (PA) and eliminating health disparities among underserved minoritychildren is a public health priority. The main purpose of this study was to examine the relationshipof actual motor competence (a set of object control skills) and perceived motor competence withPA participation and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among underserved Hispanic childrenwho were born in the U.S. Guided by Stodden et al.’s conceptual model, we tested the direct andindirect effects (mediational model) of actual motor competence on health-related outcomes (PAand HRQoL) through perceived motor competence. Participants were 215 underserved Hispanicchildren (Mage = 10.55 years, SD = 0.53 [age range 10–12]; 51.6% boys), recruited from fourelementary schools in the southwestern U.S., who completed validated questionnaires assessingtheir perceived motor competence, PA, and HRQoL. Their actual motor skills were assessed usingPE MetricsTM. After examining the associations among the variables, we tested the hypothesizedmodel using structural equation modeling (SEM; AMOS 25). The hypothesized model indicated agood fit (?²/df = 38.427/24 = 1.60 < 5; non-normed fit index (NFI) = 0.93; comparative fit index(CFI) = 0.968; root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA) = 0.053 [0.016, 0.083]). Theeffect of actual motor competence on PA and HRQoL was fully mediated by perceived motorcompetence. The findings demonstrated the mediating role of perceived motor competencebetween actual motor competence and health-related outcomes (PA and HRQoL) amongunderserved Hispanic children. The results highlight that actual motor competence significantlypredicted underserved Hispanic children’ perceived motor competence, which in turn positivelypredicted their PA and HRQoL. These findings have significant practical implications for futureintervention strategies of randomized clinical trials in schools aimed at promoting PA and HRQoLand eliminating health disparities among underserved Hispanic children.

Additional Information

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(9)
Language: English
Date: 2020
motor competence, perceived competence, physical activity, quality of life , Hispanic children, low-income families, clinical intervention strategies

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