Prioritizing engagement : a qualitative study examining the nature of preschool children’s composing and processes

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Karole-Ann Friddle (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:
Gay Ivey

Abstract: This qualitative study examined the nature of preschoolers’ composing and processes in a Head Start classroom, prioritizing children’s intrinsic motivation to engage in a project-like composing activity. Eighteen three- to five-year-old students participated. Data were collected across 33 classroom visits over a 3-month period. Primary data were 106 audio-video recordings of children working on and reading picture books they made, routine observations, and audio recordings of conversations around children’s literature read alouds by the classroom teacher. Analysis yielded the following properties of engaged composing: (a) children’s book content is inspired by multiple influences, (b) children’s composing is multimodal, and (c) children’s composing represents a range of literacy skills and knowledge. Analysis also suggested children employed the following writing process when they were engaged: (a) children teach and learn from their peers, and (b) children’s composing is intentional, strategic, and supported by process talk. Results indicate that studying engaged activity expands our notions of children’s compositional development among preschoolers and offers insights into the role peers and adult feedback play in children’s engaged composing processes. Future research will help to further illuminate the full range of benefits of engagement in socially situated writing in early childhood classrooms. Keywords: writing, early literacy, engagement, composing, children’s literature

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 2023
Writing, Early literacy, Engagement, Composing, Children’s literature
Composition (Language arts) $x Study and teaching (Preschool)
Language arts (Preschool)
Motivation in education

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