The role of shame within the context of familism in emerging adults

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Joseph Kumar Sircar (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:
Gabriela Stein

Abstract: Shame, in contrast to guilt, has typically been seen as a deleterious emotional experience associated with negative psychosocial outcomes across development. Despite this dominant model of shame, a growing body of evidence has highlighted the unique ways that this self-conscious emotion functions in collectivistically-minded cultures and families. This study sought to elucidate how family-based shame operates within the context of one such collectivistic value (familism), with a particular focus on the conditions under which shame may serve an adaptive or prosocial purpose. To answer the question, a person-centered approach was utilized to examine patterns of family-based shame, familism cultural values, and rumination in an ethnically diverse sample of college students (N = 654). Latent profile analysis suggests three patterns in the data, with participants high in family-based shame showing significant associations with higher depressive symptoms, but not lower academic performance, when accompanied by high rumination and familism value endorsement.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 2020
Academic achievement, Familism values, Family-based shame, Rumination
Rumination (Psychology)
Families $x Psychological aspects
Academic achievement $x Psychological aspects

Email this document to