A study of the influence of texts from the Liber usualis on three improvised french organ works by Marcel Dupré, Charles Tournemire, and Olivier Latry

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
John David Alexander (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site: http://library.uncg.edu/
Welborn Young

Abstract: Improvisation has played a vital role in the French school of organ playing over the last several centuries, both in sacred and secular settings. Within the context of Catholic masses in France, the majority of the music played by the organists is improvisational. Much of the thematic material of these improvisations comes from the service music contained in the Liber Usualis. This document explores the treatment of these themes from the Liber Usualis, particularly focusing on the impact of the text of each chant on three works by Marcel Dupré, Charles Tournemire, and Olivier Latry, three of the leading improvisateurs of the twentieth and twenty-first century. Studying published reconstructions of their improvisations based on themes from the Liber Usualis gives insight into their respective improvisational languages and the affect created by a thorough knowledge of the text of each Liber Usualis theme used. Following an introduction, a chapter is dedicated to each composer and his work: Marcel Dupré’s Symphonie-Passion, Charles Tournemire’s Choral-Improvisation sur le ‘Victimae Paschali,’ and Olivier Latry’s Salve Regina. Each of these chapters contains brief biographical information about the composer, an overview of the instrument on which the original improvisation was performed, a description of each work, and how the chant is incorporated into each. The final chapter contains a comparison of the three works, reexamining the impact of the chant text on rhythm, registration, dynamics, form, and texture.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 2020
Dupré, Latry, Tournemire
Catholic Church. $t Liber usualis
Mass (Music) $z France
Organ Music
Improvisation (Music)
Dupre´, Marcel, $d 1886-1971. $t Symphonie-Passion $x History and criticism
Tournemire, Charles, d 1870-1939. $t Improvisations, ?m organ. $p Choral-improvisation sur le Victimae paschali $x History and criticism
Latry, Olivier, $d 1962- $x History and criticism

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