Conversations between Latina mothers and their child’s mental health provider: An observational study of shared decision-making regarding pediatric patient mental health needs

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Gabriela L. Stein, Associate Professor (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
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Abstract: Objective: To evaluate shared decision-making (SDM) and delineate SDM processes in audio-recorded conversations between language congruent Spanish-/English-speaking clinicians and parents of pediatric mental health patients. Methods: Transcripts from audio-recorded consultations were rated using the 5-Item Observing Patient Involvement in Decision Making (Observer OPTION5) instrument. One hundred encounters between seventeen clinicians and 100 parents were rated. Interrater reliability for total score was 0.98 between two trained coders (ICC range: 0.799-0.879). Results: Scores ranged between 0 and 70 on a 100-point scale, with an average total Observer OPTION5 score of 33.2 (SD?=?17.36). This corresponded to modest success at mutual shared decision-making. Clinicians and parents both showed effort at identifying a problem with treatment options and engaging in team talk. However, preference elicitation and integration were largely lacking. Conclusion: The present sample performed on par with other populations studied to date. It expands the evaluation of observed SDM to include Latino patients and new clinician populations. Practice implications: Use of the Observer OPTION5 Item instrument highlights that eliciting and integrating parent/patient preferences is a skill that requires attention when delivering culturally competent interventions.

Additional Information

Patient Education and Counseling 103(1), 96-102
Language: English
Date: 2020
Parent-provider communication, Shared decision-making, Psychotherapy, Patient engagement, Parent contributions to SDM, Latino mental healthcare, Spanish

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