Differences between aspirations and expectations among eight-, tenth- and twelfth-grade youth

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Paul Jerry Vicinanza (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site: http://library.uncg.edu/
Helen Canaday

Abstract: The purpose of the present study was to ascertain the relation of aspiration to expectation among adolescents. Specifically, the study proposed to ascertain whether adolescent aspirations exceeded their expectations and whether aspirations and expectations varied according to sex, age, and class of the subjects. Hypotheses were developed which concerned how aspirations and expectations would vary by sex, and grade of subjects, and the subjects' fathers' occupational classes. Other hypotheses were developed which concerned how discrepancy between aspirations and expectations would vary by sex, subject's grade in school and subjects' fathers' occupational classes. A group of 380 subjects from eighth, tenth, and twelfth grades was selected from two Greensboro city schools. Each subject was asked to fill in a questionnaire which was designed to assess his age, sex, father's occupation, and aspirations and expectations in four goal areas (education, occupation, marriage, and grades). Questions were weighted with provisional numbers to facilitate data analysis. Subjects were stratified by their fathers' occupational classes according to a revision of the Edwards Census Classification (1950). Each of the questions in a goal area was worded alike except that aspiration questions contained the phrase "would like" and expectation questions, "do expect.' The arithmetic means and the statistic product moment correlation coefficients were used in data analysis.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 1965

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