An examination of the impact of personality factors and depression on maternal responses to child behavior

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Victoria R. Johnson (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:
Susan P. Keane

Abstract: The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of personality factors and depression on the ways that mothers respond to children's behavior. Specifically, this study compared the impact of two different personality dimensions, Autonomy and Sociotropy (as described by Beck, 1983), on the responses of depressed and nondepressed mothers to a videotape of a five-year-old child playing alone and with peers. Four groups of mothers were compared: depressed-sociotropic, depressed-autonomous, nondepressed-sociotropic, and nondepressed-autonomous. Maternal responses of interest were negative responses to identified neutral child behavior, positive perceptions of and responses to child behavior, and the particular form of negative responses to child behavior. It was hypothesized that depressed-sociotropic mothers would more frequently respond negatively to identified neutral child behavior, identify positive child behavior less frequently, and that their negative responses to child behavior would take a different form than those of the other three groups of mothers. One and two-way analyses of variance were employed to assess any differences between the groups of mothers.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 1992
Mother and child
Depression, Mental
Mothers $x Psychology
Autonomy (Psychology)
Dependency (Psychology)

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