Ethnic-racial socialization messages given to multiracial youth: a person-centered analysis

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Noah Keita N. Christophe (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:
Gabriela Stein

Abstract: The multiracial population is the fastest growing racial group in the United States, and almost half of the multiracial population nationwide is under the age of 18. Despite the rapidly growing numbers of young multiracial individuals, little is understood about how these individuals are socialized around race and ethnicity, and how these socialization messages are related to ethnic-racial identity development. This study utilizes a person-centered framework with a diverse sample of 296 multiracial college students to examine the patterns of ethnic-racial socialization messages individuals received from their primary caregivers. Latent profile analyses of caregivers’ messages produced a four-profile solution for both caregivers, with slightly different patterns (Caregiver 1: Typical, Minority, High Mistrust, and Low Frequency Messages; Caregiver 2 Typical, Negative, Promotive, and Low Frequency Messages). Overall, caregivers gave consistent socialization messages across both sides of participants ethnic-racial heritage. Similarly, about 60% of participants received consistent patterns of messages across caregivers. Finally, profile differences were evident with respect to ethnic-racial identity endorsement and multiracial identity integration. These findings add needed quantitative clarity to the patterns of socialization messages multiracial youth receive. Implications for parenting and future directions for research with multiracial populations are also discussed.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 2019
Identity, Latent profile analysis, Multiracial, Socialization
Racially mixed people $x Socialization
Racially mixed people $x Race identity
Racially mixed people $x Ethnic identity
Parent and child $x Psychological aspects

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