Effect of grade retention on student achievement : a case study of the effectiveness of grade retention in improving the achievement of elementary students

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Nancy Reynolds Routh (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site: http://library.uncg.edu/
Dale L. Brubaker

Abstract: The focus of this study was on the effectiveness of grade retention as a means of improving student achievement. Literature relating to grade retention was reviewed and a case study presented. The case study presents descriptive data covering a six-year period in one school system in which a strict promotion/retention policy for elementary schools was adopted. Achievement data for the retained students were assessed. Demographic data was included. The legal aspects of grade retention in relation to due process and equal protection rights was presented. The courts are generally reluctant to intervene in academic matters and defer to the school officials in decisions regarding standards for promotion or graduation requirements. Based on the findings of this study, the practice of grade retention was an ineffective means for improving student achievement. Alternatives to retention are suggested and recommendations for further study are made.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 1986
Grade repetition $x Legal status, laws, etc.
Academic achievement

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