The Relationship between Pedestrian Deaths and Metropolitan Areas with High Density Vehicle Use

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Selima Sultana, Professor (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
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Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to determine if any relationship exists between pedestrian deaths and metropolitan statistical areas with high-density vehicle use. The motivation for doing this research is that the percentage of people walking to and from their destinations has decreased steadily over the years, yet pedestrian deaths have gone up from 4,843 in 2000 to 4,955 in 2001. This is the first increase in pedestrian deaths since 1995. Approximately 78,000 pedestrians were injured in traffic accidents during each of those two years. Because only 5% of all trips arc made on foot and about 12% of all traffic deaths arc pedestrians, walking is one of the most perilous modes of transportation (Kaldenbach, 2004). This paper will ask the following questions: what is the relationship between pedestrian death rate and characteristics of cities, such as population and motor vehicle density, pedestrian danger index (a measure of the average yearly pedestrian fatalities per capita, adjusted for the number of walkers, the number of walkers acts as a measure of exposure to the risk of being killed as a pedestrian), the percentage of people walking to work (determined by Census Journey-to-Work data, which provides information only on the mode people choose most often to travel to and from work), and street design?

Additional Information

Papers and Proceedings of the Applied Geography Conference, Vol. 28, pp. 264–272
Language: English
Date: 2005
pedestrian safety, motor vehicle density, metropolitan transportation, pedestrian death rate

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