Manganese Accumulation in Membrane Fractions of Primary Astrocytes is Associated with Decreased ?-Aminobutyric Acid (GABA) Uptake, and is Exacerbated by Oleic Acid and Palmitate

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Keith M. Erikson, Associate Professor and Director of Graduate Studies (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
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Abstract: Manganese (Mn) exposure interferes with GABA uptake; however, the effects of Mn on GABA transport proteins (GATs) have not been identified. We sought to characterize how Mn impairs GAT function in primary rat astrocytes. Astrocytes exposed to Mn (500 µM) had significantly reduced 3H-GABA uptake despite no change in membrane or cytosolic GAT3 protein levels. Co-treatment with 100 µM oleic or palmitic acids (both known to be elevated in Mn neurotoxicity), exacerbated the Mn-induced decline in 3H-GABA uptake. Mn accumulation in the membrane fraction of astrocytes was enhanced with fatty acid administration, and was negatively correlated with 3H-GABA uptake. Furthermore, control cells exposed to Mn only during the experimental uptake had significantly reduced 3H-GABA uptake, and the addition of GABA (50 µM) blunted cytosolic Mn accumulation. These data indicate that reduced GAT function in astrocytes is influenced by Mn and fatty acids accumulating at or interacting with the plasma membrane. Abbreviations: Mn, manganese; GABA, ?-aminobutyric acid; GAT, GABA transporter; PKC, protein kinase C; pPKC,phosphorylated PKC; PMA, phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate; Slc, solute carrier family; D-MEM,Dulbecco's minimal essential medium; ISO, isorhamnetin; PBS, phosphate buffered saline; RIPA,radioimmunoprecipitation assay; BIS II, bisindolylmaleimide II; DFO, desferrioxamine; DAT, dopamine transporter

Additional Information

Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology, 37(3), 1148-1156
Language: English
Date: 2014
Manganese, Neurotoxicity, GABA, Astrocyte, Fatty acid

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