Female Status and Infant and Child Homicide Victimization in Rural and Urban Counties in the U.S.

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Gwendolyn C Hunnicutt, Associate Professor (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site: http://library.uncg.edu/

Abstract: Studies consistently show that female labor force participation is a correlate of infant and child homicide victimization. Research and theory supports the notion that as women’s economic status improves, children are safer. Yet few existing studies make use of feminist perspectives to explain child homicide. Further, homicide studies have focused heavily on urban areas leaving a lacuna of understanding in the literature regarding rural areas. This study explores the connection between absolute and relative female economic status and infant and child homicide victimization in both rural and urban U.S. counties. Results show that absolute female economic status is positively associated with infant and child homicide in urban areas, but not in rural areas. I argue that in rural areas, stronger collective sentiment and less differentiation diminishes the effect of women’s status on child homicide. While rural areas are characterized by harsh economic realities, these realities are nevertheless shared among men and women, decentering the link between child victimization and women status.

Additional Information

Gender Issues, 24(3), 35-50
Language: English
Date: 2007
Gender, Women, Children, Child homicide victimization, Rural areas, Urban areas, Economic status

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