Activation, Self-management, Engagement, and Retention in Behavioral Health Care: A Randomized Clinical Trial of the DECIDE Intervention

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Gabriela L. Stein, Associate Professor (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
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Abstract: Importance: Given minority patients’ unequal access to quality care, patient activation and self-management strategies have been suggested as a promising approach to improving mental health care. Objective: To determine whether the DECIDE (Decide the problem; Explore the questions; Closed or open-ended questions; Identify the who, why, or how of the problem; Direct questions to your health care professional; Enjoy a shared solution) intervention, an educational strategy that teaches patients to ask questions and make collaborative decisions with their health care professional, improves patient activation and self-management, as well as engagement and retention in behavioral health care. Design, Setting, and Patients: In this multisite randomized clinical trial performed from February 1, 2009, through October 9, 2011 (date of last follow-up interview), we recruited 647 English- or Spanish-speaking patients 18 to 70 years old from 13 outpatient community mental health clinics across 5 states and 1 US territory. A total of 722 patients were included in analyses of secondary outcomes. Interventions: Three DECIDE training sessions delivered by a care manager vs giving patients a brochure on management of behavioral health. Main Outcomes and Measures: Primary outcomes were patient assessment of activation (Patient Activation Scale) and self-management (Perceived Efficacy in Patient-Physician Interactions). Secondary outcomes included patient engagement (proportion of visits attended of those scheduled) and retention (attending at least 4 visits in the 6 months after the baseline research assessment), collected through medical record review or electronic records. Results: Patients assigned to DECIDE reported significant increases in activation (mean ß?=?1.74, SD?=?0.58; P?=?.003) and self-management (mean ß?=?2.42, SD?=?0.90; P?=?.008) relative to control patients, but there was no evidence of an effect on engagement or retention in care. Conclusions and Relevance: The DECIDE intervention appears to help patients learn to effectively ask questions and participate in decisions about their behavioral health care, but a health care professional component might be needed to augment engagement in care. DECIDE appears to have promise as a strategy for changing the role of minority patients in behavioral health care. Trial Registration: Identifier: NCT01226329

Additional Information

Journal of the American Medical Association Psychiatry, 71(5),557-565
Language: English
Date: 2014
Health Care, Self-Management, Retention, Ethnicity

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