Waste Recycling Can Promote Group Living: A Cockroach Case Study

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Jan Rychtar, Assistant Professor (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site: http://library.uncg.edu/

Abstract: Animals live in groups for a wide variety of reasons. The main benefits are related to anti-predator behaviour, foraging, mate finding and/or reduction of energetic costs. In this paper we present a game-theoretical model that supports the waste recycling hypothesis. This hypothesis posits that the waste organic materials produced by the members of a group represent a valuable resource that is communally inherited and utilized by group members. Under this hypothesis and on the example of cockroaches, we determine evolutionarily stable strategies of social behavior and quantify conditions on natural parameter values such as food availability under which the group formation is beneficial.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 2014
social behavior, aggregation, game theory, ESS

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