Telephoned BRCA1/2 Genetic Test Results: Prevalence, Practice, and Patient Satisfaction.

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Nancy Callanan, Clinical Professor; Program Director (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
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Abstract: While the traditional model of genetic evaluation for breast cancer risk recommended face-to-face disclosure of genetic testing results, BRCA1/2 testing results are increasingly provided by telephone. The few existing studies on telephone genetic counseling provide conflicting results about its desirability and efficacy. The current study aimed to (1) Estimate the prevalence among genetic counselors of providing BRCA1/2 genetic test results by phone (2) Assess patient satisfaction with results delivered by telephone versus in-person. A survey was sent to members of the Familial Cancer Risk Counseling Special Interest Group via the NSGC listserve and was completed by 107 individuals. Additionally, 137 patients who had received BRCA genetic testing results either by phone or in-person at UNC Chapel Hill Cancer Genetics Clinic were surveyed regarding satisfaction with the mode of their BRCA1/2 results delivery. The genetic counseling survey revealed that the majority of responding counselors (92.5%) had delivered BRCA1/2 genetic test results by telephone. Patients having received results either in person or by phone reported no difference in satisfaction. Most patients chose to receive results by phone and those given a choice of delivery mode reported significantly higher satisfaction than those who did not have a choice. Those who waited less time to receive results once they knew they were ready also reported higher satisfaction. This study found supportive results for the routine provision of BRCA1/2 genetic test results by telephone. Results suggest that test results should be delivered as swiftly as possible once available and that offering patients a choice of how to receive results is desirable. These are especially important issues as genetic testing becomes more commonplace in medicine.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 2009
ethics, genetics, genetic counseling, clinical psychology, breast cancer, breast cancer risk, telephone genetic counseling

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