Parental monitoring and oppositionality in the context of early parenting behaviors

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Anahita Z. Kalianivala (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:
Susan P. Keane

Abstract: The current study examined the effect of parental monitoring on later oppositionality outcomes in the context of early relational parenting behaviors (e.g., maternal warmth and maternal intrusiveness). It was hypothesized that monitoring would moderate the relation between warmth and oppositionality such that higher levels of both parenting behaviors would predict lower levels of early adolescent oppositionality. For intrusiveness, it was hypothesized that monitoring would moderate the relation such that high levels of intrusiveness and high levels of monitoring would predict greater levels of early adolescent oppositionality. Additional hypotheses included the examination of sex and race separately to determine whether the hypothesized associations differed for these groups. Maternal warmth and intrusiveness were obtained from observational coding measures at age 7. Early oppositionality at age 7, parental monitoring at age 10, and oppositionality at age 10 were obtained from mother report. Hierarchical regression analyses revealed that monitoring predicted decreases in oppositional behavior from ages 7 to 10 for female, African American, and Caucasian groups. Additionally, monitoring was found to moderate the relation between early intrusiveness and changes in oppositionality for males, such that lower levels of monitoring in the presence of early intrusiveness were associated with increases in oppositional behavior over time. Implications for future research examining the role of parental monitoring and relational parenting behaviors in predicting oppositionality were discussed.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 2013
Parenting Behaviors
Parent and child $z United States
Parent and teenager $z United States
Behavior disorders in adolescence $x Prevention

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