Self-regulation as a predictor of patterns of change in externalizing behaviors from infancy to adolescence

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Susan D. Calkins, Professor (Creator)
Jessica Dollar, Research Scientist (Creator)
Susan P. Keane, Professor (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
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Abstract: We examined associations between specific self-regulatory mechanisms and externalizing behavior patterns from ages 2 to 15 (N = 443). The relation between multiple self-regulatory indicators across multiple domains (i.e., physiological, attentional, emotional, and behavioral) at age 2 and at age 5 and group membership in four distinct externalizing trajectories was examined. By examining each of these self-regulatory processes in combination with one another, and therefore accounting for their shared variance, we aimed to better understand which specific self-regulatory skills were associated most strongly with externalizing behavioral patterns. Findings suggest that behavioral inhibitory control and emotion regulation are particularly important in distinguishing between children who show normative declines in externalizing behaviors across early childhood and those who demonstrate high levels through adolescence.

Additional Information

Development and Psychopathology, 30(2), 497-510
Language: English
Date: 2017
self-regulation, early childhood, externalizing behaviors, child development

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