Diffusion of medication drop-boxes in North Carolina from 2007 to 2016

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
William N. Dudley, Professor Public Health Education (Creator)
Michael A. Perko, Associate Professor (Creator)
Robert W. Strack, Associate Professor and Department Head (Creator)
David L. Wyrick, Associate Professor (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site: http://library.uncg.edu/

Abstract: Introduction: A permanent drug donation box (“drop-box”) is one strategy implemented in communities across the United States to reduce the availability of excess controlled medications, including prescription opioids, for diversion. The objective of this study was to examine correlates of the diffusion and implementation of drop-boxes in North Carolina.Methods: We assessed the number and location of drop-boxes implemented in North Carolina. Cox proportional hazards models were used to examine covariates associated with drop-box implementation in NC counties (n?=?100) between 2007 and 2016.Results: There were 311 drop-boxes implemented in 91 (out of 100) counties. Most drop-boxes were in law enforcement agencies (78.8%) and a growing number were in pharmacies (14.5%). Counties with a higher percentage of whites, more educated residents, a substance abuse prevention coalition, higher rates of controlled medications dispensed and prescription opioid overdose, and that were Appalachian were more likely to be early adopters. Rural counties were less likely to have a drop-box. In the multivariate model, only higher rate of controlled medicines dispensed was significant.Conclusions: A growing number of drop-boxes are being implemented in law enforcement offices and pharmacies. Given that communities with higher rates of controlled medication dispensing likely have the highest need for disposal opportunities, it is promising that they are early adopters of drop-boxes. Future research should assess the effectiveness of drop-boxes as they become more widespread in a variety of locations.

Additional Information

Addictive Behaviors. 2018 Nov;86:44-50
Language: English
Date: 2018
Prescription drug, Opioid, Prevention, Disposal, Diversion

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