Comparing Responsiveness Of Six Common Patient-Reported Outcomes To Changes FollowingAutologous Chondrocyte Implantation: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis Of Prospective Studies

ASU Author/Contributor (non-ASU co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Jennifer Howard, Assistant Professor, PhD (Creator)
Appalachian State University (ASU )
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Abstract: Objective: To compare the responsiveness of six common patient-reported outcomes (PROs) following autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI). Design: A systematic search was conducted to identify reports of PROs following ACI. Study quality was evaluated using the modified Coleman Methodology Score (mCMS). For each outcome score, pre- to postoperative paired Hedge’s g effect sizes were calculated with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Random effects meta- analyses were performed to provide a summary response for each PRO at time points (TP) I (1 year), II (1 year to 2 years), III (2 years to 4 years), IV (4 years), and overall. Results: The mean mCMS for the 42 articles included was 50.9 9.2. For all evaluated instruments, none of the mean effect size CIs encompassed zero. The International Knee Documentation Committee Subjective Knee Form (IKDC) had increasing responsiveness over time with TP-IV, demonstrating greater mean effect size [confidence interval] (1.78 [1.33, 2.24]) than TP-I (0.88 [0.69, 1.07]). The Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score–Sports and recreation subscale (KOOS-Sports) was more responsive at TP-III (1.76 [0.87, 2.64]) and TP-IV (0.98 [0.81, 1.15]) than TP-I (0.61 [0.44, 0.78]). Overall, the Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short Form Health Survey Physical Component Scale (0.60 [0.46, 0.74]) was least responsive. Both the Lysholm Scale (1.42 [1.14, 1.72]) and the IKDC (1.37 [1.13, 1.62]) appear more responsive than the KOOS-Sports (0.90 [0.73, 1.07]). All other KOOS subscales had overall effect sizes ranging from 0.90 (0.74, 1.22) (Symptoms) to 1.15 (0.76, 1.54) (Quality of Life). Conclusions: All instruments were responsive to improvements in function following ACI. The Lysholm and IKDC were the most responsive instruments across time. IKDC and KOOS-Sports may be more responsive to long-term outcomes, especially among active individuals.

Additional Information

Howard, J. S., et al. (2013). "Comparing Responsiveness of Six Common Patient-Reported Outcomes to Changes Following Autologous Chondrocyte Implantation: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Prospective Studies." CARTILAGE 4(2): 97-110. Publisher version of record available at:
Language: English
Date: 2013
articular cartilage, cartilage, knee, outcomes assessment, self-report

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