Regulation of the Mitogen Activated Protein Kinase Kinase (MEK)-1 by NAD-Dependent Deacetylases

ECU Author/Contributor (non-ECU co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
David F. Allison (Creator)
Lisa G. Gray (Creator)
Manish Kumar (Creator)
Duo Li (Creator)
Marty W. Mayo (Creator)
James A. McCubrey (Creator)
Anita E. Popko-Scibor (Creator)
Catherine S. Ramsey (Creator)
Min Shin (Creator)
Fan Yeung (Creator)
East Carolina University (ECU )
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Abstract: Sirtuins are class III deacetylases that regulate many essential processes, including cellular stress, genome stability, and metabolism. Although these NAD+-dependent deacetylases control adaptive cellular responses, identification of sirtuin-regulated signaling targets remain under-studied. Here, we demonstrate that acetylation of the mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase-1 (MEK1) stimulates its kinase activity, and that acetylated MEK1 is under the regulatory control of the sirtuin family members SIRT1 and SIRT2. Treatment of cells with sirtuin inhibitors, or siRNA knockdown of SIRT1 or SIRT2 proteins, increases MEK1 acetylation and subsequent phosphorylation of the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK). Generation of an acetyl-specific MEK1 antibody demonstrates that endogenous acetylated MEK1 is extensively enriched in the nucleus following epidermal growth factor (EGF) stimulation. An acetyl-mimic of MEK1 increases inappropriate growth properties, suggesting that acetylation of MEK1 has oncogenic potential.

Additional Information

Oncogene; 34:6 p. 798-804
Language: English
Date: 2014
oncogenic, MEK1, sirtuins, acetylation, growth promoting

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