Neonatal feeding skills in preterm infants and the relationship to speech and expressive language skills at approximately ten years of age

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Betty Mabe (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:
Virginia Hinton

Abstract: This study sought to determine whether neonatal feeding skills in extremely preterm infants (EPT) had an association with scores on speech and expressive language measures at approximately ten years of age. Additionally, neonatal feeding abilities were analyzed to determine if there was an association with sensorimotor and visuomotor test measures at approximately ten years of age. Eighty-four EPT children were categorized based on feeding history at 34 weeks gestational age into two groups: infants who were primarily oral feeding (POF), and infants who were primarily tube feeding (PTF). There was no significant difference in size or sex between the two groups. Independent t-tests with a chi-square analysis were used to analyze the composition of the two groups. The majority of infants in the PTF group were characteristically white, had lower birth weights, and a history of bronochopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). Only the variable of race, however, withstood statistical analysis for multiple t-tests. One-way ANOVA procedures determined that there was no significant difference between the performance of the two feeding groups on standardized measures of speech or oral expression at 10 years of age. The parent perceptions of the children’s speech and oral expression skills also did not differ between the two groups. Additionally, one feeding group did not perform better than the other on measures of sensorimotor or visuomotor skills. While no association was determined in the current study, results remained inconclusive and warrant further investigation with a greater variety of standardized measures of speech, oral expression, and sensorimotor and visuomotor skill.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 2016
Expressive language, Feeding, Neurodevelopmental, Premature, Speech
Premature infants $x Development
Motor ability in infants
Oral habits
Language acquisition

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