Phytoestrogen Genistein Protects Against Endothelial Barrier Dysfunction in Vascular Endothelial Cells Through PKA-Mediated Suppression of RhoA Signaling

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Zhenquan Jia, Assistant Professor (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
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Abstract: The soy-derived phytoestrogen genistein has received attention for its potential to improve vascular function, but its mechanism remains unclear. Here, we report that genistein at physiologically relevant concentrations (0.1–10 µM) significantly inhibited thrombin-induced increase in endothelial monolayer permeability. Genistein also reduced the formation of stress fibers by thrombin and suppressed thrombin-induced phosphorylation of myosin light chain (MLC) on Ser19/Thr18 in endothelial cells (ECs). Genistein had no effect on resting intracellular [Ca2+] or thrombin-induced increase in Ca2+ mobilization. Addition of the inhibitors of endothelial nitric oxide synthase or estrogen receptor did not alter the protective effect of genistein. RhoA is a small GTPase that plays an important role in actin-myosin contraction and endothelial barrier dysfunction. RhoA inhibitor blocked the protective effect of genistein on endothelial permeability and also ablated thrombin-induced MLC-phosphorylation in ECs. Inhibition of PKA significantly attenuated the effect of genistein on thrombin-induced EC permeability, MLC phosphorylation, and RhoA membrane translocation in ECs. Furthermore, thrombin diminished cAMP production in ECs, which were prevented by treatment with genistein. These findings demonstrated that genistein improves thrombin-induced endothelial barrier dysfunction in ECs through PKA-mediated suppression of RhoA signaling.

Additional Information

Endocrinology, 154(2):727-37, 2013
Language: English
Date: 2013
atherosclerosis, genistein, thrombin, RhoA

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