The effect of critical thinking instruction on verbal descriptions of music

UNCW Author/Contributor (non-UNCW co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Daniel C. Johnson, Professor (Creator)
The University of North Carolina Wilmington (UNCW )
Web Site:

Abstract: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of critical thinking instruction on music listening skills of fifth-grade students as measured by written responses to music listening. The researcher compared instruction that included opportunities for critical thinking (Critical Thinking Instruction, CTI) with parallel instruction without critical thinking opportunities (Activity-Based Instruction, ABI). The same music teacher delivered both instructional treatments concurrently in a series of sixteen, forty-five minute classroom lessons. Two randomly-assigned, intact classes of participants (n = 41 and 40) comprised the CTI and ABI treatment groups, respectively. Three independent judges scored participants’ pretest and posttest responses using a researcher-designed instrument. Using a multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA), the researcher found a significant test by treatment interaction. The post hoc analysis indicated that while the CTI participants scored higher on the posttest as compared with the pretest, ABI participants demonstrated no significant differences by test. Readers should note the larger than expected standard deviations when considering the positive effects of the CTI treatment . Implications include recommendations for future research and for designing music listening lessons to incorporate critical thinking skills in classroom music instruction.

Additional Information

Daniel, J. C. (2011). The effect of critical thinking instruction on verbal descriptions of music. Journal of Research in Music Education, 59(3), 257-272. doi:10.1177/0022429411415860. The final, definitive version of this paper has been published in Journal of Research in Music Education, vol. 59, no. 3, October 2011 by SAGE Publications Ltd./SAGE Publications, Inc., All rights reserved.
Language: English
Date: 2011
Music listening, Critical thinking, Elementary music instruction
Critical thinking in children
Critical thinking
Music--Instruction and study
Music and children
Music—Instruction and study—Juvenile
Listening comprehension tests

Email this document to

Has the following version:

TitleLocation & LinkType of Relationship
The effect of critical thinking instruction on verbal descriptions of music described resource has a version, edition, or adaptation of the related resource.