The proof is in the profile : patterns of temperament predicting adolescent depression

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Yuji Y. Kim (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:
Susan Keane

Abstract: The purpose of the current study was to examine latent profiles of temperament based on fine-grained temperament dimensions and to examine associations between profile membership and adolescent depression. Based on consistent profiles that have emerged within the person-centered literature, Typical, Dysregulated, Well-regulated, Over-controlled, Under-controlled, and/or Bold/Surgent profiles were hypothesized to emerge. Dysregulated and Over-controlled profiles were hypothesized to predict the greatest increase in depressive symptoms, Under-controlled profile was hypothesized to predict the next greatest increase in depressive symptoms, and Well-regulated profile was hypothesized to predict the lowest increase in depressive symptoms. In the large-scale, longitudinal study from which the current secondary analyses were drawn, mother-child dyads came into the laboratory when youth were 10 and 15 years old (N = 319, 175 girls, 144 boys, 65.5% White, 27.6% Black, 4.1% Mixed, 1.9% Other). Mothers completed the Children’s Behavior Questionnaire (CBQ), a measure of temperament at 10 years of age (Mage = 10.67 years) and adolescent youth completed the Children’s Depressive Inventory (CDI), a self-report measure of depressive symptoms at 15 years of age (Mage = 15.63 years). Factor analyses revealed 10 alternative fine-grained dimensions of temperament (i.e. Frustration-Disappointment, Discomfort, Fear, Soothability, Under-control, Shyness, Smiling, Focus-Control, Low Intensity Pleasure, and Perceptual Sensitivity). Tests of measurement invariance revealed that the majority of fine-grained dimensions were invariant across boys and girls. A latent profile analysis revealed three distinct profiles of temperament: Average, Regulated, and Dysregulated. Profiles did not concurrently or prospectively predict depressive symptoms. There were no sex differences. Potential interpretations and contributions to the literature are discussed. Keywords: temperament, adolescent depression, latent profile analysis

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 2023
Temperament, Adolescent depression, Latent profile analysis
Temperament in children
Depression in adolescence
Child psychology

Email this document to