A descriptive analysis of elementary music teachers’ planning time

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Seth N. McKnight (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site: http://library.uncg.edu/
Tami Draves

Abstract: The purpose of this descriptive study was to examine elementary music teachers’ planning times. The existing literature on planning time is scarce and the literature on elementary music teachers’ planning time is nearly nonexistent. The following research questions guided the study: (a) How many minutes of planning time do elementary music teachers have? (b) What type(s) of planning do elementary music teachers participate in? (c) What do elementary music teachers do during their planning time? The researcher modified an existing survey (Hixon et al., 2013), which underwent two piloting phases to establish content validity and statistical reliability. The participants (N = 246) in this study were randomly selected from across the United States via the National Association for Music Education (NAfME) survey research assistance program. The survey items relating to planning time were based on the participants’ teaching rotations. All but one participant reported having individual planning time and most participants did not participate in common planning time (85.8%, n =211) or in a Professional Learning Community for music teachers (54.1%, n = 133). Elementary music teachers planned lessons (n = 240, 97.6%), called students’ parents (n = 132, 53.7%), graded student work (n = 131, 73.6%), attended meetings (n = 131, 53.3%), cleaned their rooms between classes (n = 18, 20.1%), repaired instruments (n = 6, 6.8%), and composed and arranged music (n = 3, 3.4%) during their planning times. The results of this study will lay the foundation for future studies on elementary music teachers’ planning time and impact future education policy regarding planning time. Keywords: planning time, elementary music, professional learning communities

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 2022
Planning time, Elementary music, Professional learning communities
Music teachers $z United States
Elementary school teachers
Teachers $x Time management
Lesson planning

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