Increasing the Accuracy of Runoff and Streamflow Simulation in the Nzoia Basin,Western Kenya, through the Incorporation of Satellite-Derived CHIRPS Data

UNCW Author/Contributor (non-UNCW co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Narcisa Pricope (Creator)
The University of North Carolina Wilmington (UNCW )
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Abstract: Hydrologic models will be an increasingly important tool for water resource managers as water availability dwindles and water security concerns become more pertinent in data-scarce regions. Fortunately, newly available satellite remote sensing technology provides an opportunity for improving the spatial resolution and quality of input data to hydrologic models in such regions. In particular, the Climate Hazards Group InfraRed Precipitation with Station data (CHIRPS) dataset provides quasi-global high resolution precipitation information derived from a blend of in situ and active and passive remote sensing data sources. We piloted the incorporation of the CHIRPS dataset into the Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT), a hydrologic model. Comparisons of results between estimation of streamflow using in situ rainfall gauge station data, the Climate Forecast System Reanalysis (CFSR) dataset, and the CHIRPS dataset in the data-scarce Nzoia Basin in western Kenya over the temporal range 1990–2000 were reported. Simulated streamflow estimates were poor with rainfall gauge station data but improved significantly with the CFSR and CHIRPS datasets. However, the use of the CHIRPS dataset in comparison with the CFSR dataset provided an improved statistical performance following model calibration with the exception of one streamflow gauge station in higher elevation regions. Overall, the use of the CHIRPS dataset had the greatest linear correlation, relative variability, and normalized bias despite overall average Nash-Sutcliffe Efficiency (NSE) and R2 values.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 2017
hydrologic modeling, satellite precipitation, SWAT, CHIRPS, CFSR, Kenya

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