From insult to injury: Explaining the impact of incivility

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Brianna Barker Caza, Associate Professor (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
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Abstract: Previous research has demonstrated that violence, harassment, and discrimination have negative consequences for individual well-being. However, this literature has focused less on subtle forms of mistreatment, such as incivility. The current study addresses this gap by developing and testing a conceptual model of incivility, as experienced in institutions of higher education. A survey of 1,043 university students revealed that over 75% had experienced uncivil behavior from other members of their institution in the prior year. Structural equation analyses suggest that these incivility targets endured psychological distress, dissatisfaction with and disengagement from their institution, and performance decline. We also identified perceptions of injustice and ostracism as key mediators in this process, which operated somewhat differently depending on the formal institutional status of the incivility instigator. Implications for theory and research are discussed.

Additional Information

Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 29, 4. 335-350.
Language: English
Date: 2007
incivility, higher education, injustice, social ostracism

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