Knowledge Transfers In The US Biopharmaceutical Market During A Time Of Transition

ASU Author/Contributor (non-ASU co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
David Williams, Professor of Healthcare Management (Creator)
Appalachian State University (ASU )
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Abstract: The purpose of the paper is to examine the effects that firm factors, multinational corporations, and location have on explicit and tacit knowledge transfers originating in US biopharmaceutical firms during a time of transition. Examination of all known biopharmaceutical formal tacit and explicit knowledge transfers was done. The study performs logistic regression to test its hypotheses. The study identifies tacit knowledge transfers with full or partial equity acquisitions in firms. Explicit knowledge transfers are associated with licensing agreements or product and technology acquisitions. The study finds biotechnology firms and private firms are more likely to transfer tacit knowledge than explicit knowledge. Multinational firms are more likely to acquire tacit knowledge than explicit knowledge. Local transfers (compared with non-local or foreign transfers) are more likely to be tacit knowledge transfers. Firms within clusters are also more likely to transfer explicit knowledge than tacit knowledge. Given the choice between tacit and explicit knowledge transfers, firms prefer tacit knowledge transfers.

Additional Information

Williams, D.R. Knowledge Transfers in the US Biopharmaceutical Market During a Time of Transition. J Pharm Innov 15, 445–454 (2020). Publisher version of record available at:
Language: English
Date: 2019
Pharmaceutical companies, Biotechnology firms, Knowledge transfers, Diffusion of innovation, Organizational learning

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