Borderline Personality Disorder and Perception of Friendship Quality

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Sophia R. Cross (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:
Rosemery Nelson-Gray

Abstract: Perceived friendship quality is an important aspect of physical and mental health (Nicholson, 2012; Pucker et al., 2019). Prior research on Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) has examined romantic partner relationships, social network quantity, and social network functioning. No research has examined perception of friendship quality in individuals with elevated BPD traits. Given overall interpersonal relationship dysfunction in BPD, it is important to understand all relationship domains to fully conceptualize this dysfunction. This study aimed to fill that gap in research by examining perception of friendship quality in a male and female college sample of 265 participants with differing levels of BPD traits; these traits were measured using the Wisconsin Personality Disorder Inventory-Borderline Features (WISPI-BOR; Klein et al., 1993). Participants filled out self-report measures administered online. The study used a factor conceptualization of perceived friendship quality, the McGill Friendship Questionnaire (Mendelson & Aboud, 1999). Each of the functions of friendship was examined individually (Stimulating Companionship, Help, Intimacy, Reliable Alliance, Self-Validation, Emotional Security, Affection, and Satisfaction) (Mendelson & Aboud, 1999). Given the lack of prior research, this study was exploratory; exploratory hypothesis were that those higher in BPD traits would be lower in perceived friendship quality. Results indicated that there was not an overall significant relationship between BPD and perceived friendship quality. However, individual functions of perceived friendship quality were significantly related to borderline scores: Intimacy, Reliable Alliance, and Stimulating Companionship. Results of this study provide further insight into interpersonal dysfunction for individuals with elevated BPD traits.

Additional Information

Honors Project
Language: English
Date: 2020
Borderline Personality Disorder, Friendships, Friendship Quality

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