Differences in depression in community dwelling adults and adults post myocardial infarction

ECU Author/Contributor (non-ECU co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Alexandria Ruth Stephens (Creator)
East Carolina University (ECU )
Web Site: http://www.ecu.edu/lib/

Abstract: Depression is a comorbid condition related to myocardial infarction (MI) risk , is prevalent post MI , and is associated with poorer cardiovascular outcomes. This research study examined depression in a community sample of adults and compared depression scores to adults three to seven years post MI. A cross-sectional descriptive design was used to address the following research question: Is there a difference in depression in community dwelling adults without heart disease compared to an age-matched sample of adults who have had an MI in the last three to seven years? Community participants (n = 40) were recruited using snowball sampling and met the following inclusion criteria: community dwelling adults age 21 and older who have not had a previous MI or heart surgery. All participants completed a demographic health form and the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) via interview using paper forms. Age-matched controls (n = 40) were randomly selected from an established data base of adults who were 3 to 7 years post MI and completed the Reoccurrence of Myocardial Infarction (ROMI) study. The results of an independent t-test indicated that CES-D scores of community dwelling adults (M = 11.45 , SD = 4.8) did not differ significantly from that of those from the ROMI sample (M = 11.56 , SD = 11 , N = 39) , t(77) = .060 , p = .95. There was no significant difference between depression scores in groups of individuals with and without history of MI. More research is indicated to develop practical interventions to manage depression symptoms in both community dwelling adults and those with history of MI.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 2019
myocardial infarction, community dwelling, depression scores

Email this document to

This item references:

TitleLocation & LinkType of Relationship
Differences in depression in community dwelling adults and adults post myocardial infarctionhttp://hdl.handle.net/10342/7344The described resource references, cites, or otherwise points to the related resource.